Water Supply

Water Supply

  • To ensure an adequate, reliable, quality, efficient, affordable and safe supply of treated water to meet the growing demands in urban areas.
  • To extend the supply coverage of treated water to rural areas especially to kampungs and longhouses throughout Sarawak.
  • Planning, formulation and implementation of policies on water supply sector in Sarawak.
  • Planning, coordinating and monitoring of water supply development projects in Sarawak.
  • Development and management of existing water resources.
  • Administration and enforcement of water ordinance, water supply regulations and licensing provisions in the State.
  • To ensure projects are implemented according to policy, schedule, budget and approved scheme values.
  • To plan for adequate capacity for the ever increasing demand in utility sectors from domestic, commercial and industrial consumers or users.


Policies on Water Supply

1.       General policy - The Government, through the Ministry of Utilities, will continue to provide reliable and adequate water supply through effective water resource management, regulatory and institutional framework, increasing water supply coverage and system capacities, and improving operational effectiveness and efficiency.

2.       Water Catchment - To ensure future supply in terms of water quantity as well as quality, water catchment areas shall be protected and development activities within these areas shall be effectively controlled.  There shall be a balance between the need to conserve water catchment areas and land development.  Guidelines for the management of water catchment areas shall be formulated.

3.       Capacities of treated water supplies to provide adequate treated water supplies to meet the growing needs of the population- The capacities of existing water supply facilities shall be increased through the construction of new plants and upgrading of existing plants.

4.       Development of Raw Water Sources - In line with efforts to increase the capacities of water supply facilities to meet the ever increasing demand, the reliability and availability of adequate raw water sources are of strategic importance for large treatment plants serving large population centers. The construction of river storage dams will continue to be the long-term strategy, since the yield of existing river sources may become inadequate.

5.       Rural Water Supply Schemes - the Government will continue to extend coverage of water supply to the rural population under the Rural Water Supply program.  The program involves construction of reservoirs, booster stations and extension of water mains to the rural communities and longhouses from the nearest water supply systems.  For isolated and remote areas, alternative systems of water supply shall be implemented.  Existing gravity feed systems shall continue to be important means of water supply in these areas until such time when piped treated water could be provided by the respective water supply authorities.  Project proponents of development activities such as agriculture and logging are responsible to protect and conserve the water catchment areas of the affected Gravity Feed Water Supply.

6.       Amalgamation of Water Supplies - Smaller water supplies shall be amalgamated into Regional Water Supplies. This will release many isolated catchments for other forms of development.  Regional Water Supplies allow the water authorities to concentrate its resources on a smaller number of water treatment facilities and this will enable more effective and efficient management.  Some of the small water treatment plants which are not economical to operate will be closed down.  This amalgamation of the water supplies has the added advantage of increasing the reliability of the water supply during prolonged periods of drought when some of the existing raw water supply sources tend to dry up or experience very low flows.

7.       Modernisation of Water Supply - Use of new technologies and new types of water treatment chemicals for better economy and efficiency in water treatment and distribution will be given due emphasis.

8.       Management of waste water shall eventually be integrated with water supply services.

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